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PXE (PXE, or Pre-execution Environment) is installed and the environment to boot computers using network interface. The Client will obtain from PXE server installation files via TFTP. Therefore, PXE ​​is the best choice when you need to install more machines, but at the same time or for machines without CD / DVD.

1) Deploy PXE server
Requirements: PXE server (CentOS) + PXE client (network adapter that supports boot code)
- Set the tftp-server, dhcp, httpd, syslinux.

- Milk tftp configuration file

- Create remap file with the content:

gr /

- Copy the following files to the / tftp boot:

cp /usr/lib/syslinux/pxelinux.0 /tftpboot
cp /usr/lib/syslinux/menu.c32 /tftpboot

- Create folder / pxelinux.cfg in / tftpboot

- Create a default file in / pxelinux.cfg

prompt 1
default menu.c32
timeout 100

label Linux
kernel vmlinuz
append initrd=initrd.img ramdisk_size=9216 noapic acpi=off

label Window
kernel Boot/startrom.0
append –


- Copy vmlinuz and initrd.img (the isolinux directory on the installation CD, linux) in / tftpboot / images / centos.

- Copy the linux installation disk into / tftpboot / centos

- Add the following lines to the configuration file dhcpd

allow booting;
allow bootp;
option option-128 code 128 = string;
option option-129 code 129 = text;
next-server 192.168.0.20; 
filename "/pxelinux.0";

 

- Add the following lines to the configuration file httpd

Options Indexes

AllowOverride None

- Install and configure samba

- Create folder / share

- Copy of Windows installed on / share

- Download Windows AIK

- Install. NET Framework, MSXML, Windows AIK folder c: WAIK

cd waiktoolspetools

copype.cmd x86 c: win7pe

imagex / mount mountrw winpe.wim 1

- Create a file folder containing PXE

- Copy the necessary files to the folder c: PXE

cd win7pemountwindowsbootpxe

copy* PXE

cd win7pemountwindowsbootfontswgl4_boot.ttf

copy PXE

cd waiktoolspetoolsx86bootboot.sdi

copy PXE

cd win7pewinpe.wim

copy PXE

- Create a file BCD:
cd win7pemountwindowssystem32

bcdedit / createstore pxeBCD

bcdedit / store pxebcd / create ramdiskoptions {} / d "Ramdisk options"

bcdedit / store pxebcd / set {} ramdisksdidevice boot ramdiskoptions

bcdedit / store pxeBCD / set {} ramdisksdipath ramdiskoptions Bootboot.sdibcdedit / store pxeBCD / create / d "MyWinPE Boot Image"/application osloader

- You will be an array: {xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxx}
bcdedit / store pxeBCD / set {xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxx} systemroot Windows

bcdedit / store pxeBCD / set {xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxx} detecthal Yes

bcdedit / store pxeBCD / set {xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxx} WinPE Yes
bcdedit / store pxeBCD / set {xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxx} osdevice ramdisk = [boot] BootWinPE.wim, {ramdiskoptions}
bcdedit / store pxeBCD / set {xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxx} device ramdisk = [boot] BootWinPE.wim, {ramdiskoptions}
bcdedit / store pxeBCD / create {bootmgr} / d "Windows VISTA BootManager"bcdedit / store pxeBCD / set {bootmgr} timeout 30

bcdedit / store pxeBCD / displayorder {xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxx}

- Now, copy all the files in the folder c: PXE to / tftpserver / PXE Boot server on

- Back PXE server, enter the following command to rename the file

cd / tftpboot / Boot

mv pxeboot.n12 startrom.0

mvbootmgr.exe ..

mv winpe.wim winpe.wim


2) Windows Client Installation from PXE Server


- Enter the following command to the client connects to the folder / share on the PXE server and retrieve the Windows Installer
X: Windowssystem32> net use h: 192.168.0.20share
- Enter the username and password that we have made ​​steps to install and configure Samba.
Username: kenhgiaiphapvnPassword: 123
- The installation of windows will be activated automatically.

3) Install the Client from Linux PXE Server

The advent of PXE has helped to install the client (Linux + Windows) (administrator's) easier, saving costs and time. If the former, you need to install the operating system for the PC series, you have to burn a lot of discs to install for each machine. This makes you lose a lot of time and wasted. Now, you just need to install a PXE client connects to the server to get information and settings.

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